Reference Material


Jaime Garzón – Youtube compilation (en español)

Move Documentary (1978)


List of bibliographic sources included in this blog:

ACNUR, 2006, Cifra de desplazados en Colombia es mayor que lo que admite el Gobierno afirma ONG,  <;.

Anderson, C 2011, Bananas, Colombian death squads and a billion dollar lawsuit, <; .

Anderson, C 2011, Bananas, Colombian death squads and a billion dollar lawsuit, <;.

AP, 2009, Bush Chooses Uribe, Blair, Howard For Medal Of Freedom,  <;.

Aponte, C 2007, Propuesta de indicadores de evaluación de la función de  Proyección social/ Extensión universitaria/ Interacción en la educación superior, <;.

Auerbach, J 2006, Introduction, The Iron Heel by Jack London, Penguin, New York.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2011a, Household Income and Income Distribution, Australia, 2009-10, <;.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2011b, Migration, Australia, 2009-10, <;.

Bandurski, D 2008, ‘China’s guerrilla war for the Web’, Far Eastern Economic Review, quoted from Marolt, 2011,

Banrepcultural, 2012, Biblioteca Virtual Luis Ángel Arango [Virtual Library Luis Ángel Arango] Banco de La Republica de Colombia [Colombian Republican Bank], <;.

Barreras, R 2012, Roy Barreras: Uribe es de la talla histórica de Bolívar y Santos hará la paz, interviewed  for Semana Magazine, 26 March 2012, <;.

Barreto, LH and Rivera, S 2009a, Resumen Ejecutivo la impunidad en el Sistema Penal Acusatorio en Colombia, Ministry of the Interior and Justice of Colombia, <;.

Barreto, LH, and Rivera, S 2009b, Una mirada a la impunidad en el marco del Sistema Penal Oral Acusatorio en Colombia, Ministry of the Interior and Justice of Colombia, <;.

Barrionuevo, A 2011, ‘China’s Interest in Farmland Makes Brazil Uneasy, in The New York Times’, 26 May 2011, <;.

BBC News, 2011, Bogota clashes amid Colombian student protests, 13 October 2011, <;.

Becker, H 1949, ‘The nature and Consequences of Black propaganda’, American Sociological Review, vol. 14, no. 2 (Apr. 1949), pp. 221-235.

Bleile, P 1998, PR & propaganda … where do you draw the line? <;., 2012, El pequeño tirano (interview), <;.

Boyd, D 2010, The future of privacy: how privacy norms can inform regulation, International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners, Jerusalem, Israel, 29 October 29

Brody, F 1999, The medium is the memory, in the digital dialectic: new essays in new media, Lunenfeld, P (ed.), The Mit Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Bryan, 2011, Colombia: wide-ranging threats to indigenous peoples and African-descendents, <;.

Burnham, J 1941, The managerial revolution: what is happening in the world, John Day, New York.

Burns, A & Eltham, B 2009, Twitter free Iran: an evaluation of Twitter’s role in public diplomacy and information operations in Iran’s 2009 election crisis, Victoria University Institutional Repository, <;.

Caracol Radio, 2011, Colombia no votará creación de Estado palestino en la ONU, 19 September 2011, <;.

Carlyle, T 1840, ‘On heroes and hero worship, and the heroic in history’, Penn State Electronic Classics Series, <;.

Carr, N 2008, ‘Is Google making us stupid?’, The Atlantic Magazine, July/August, 2008, <;.

Castells, M 2008, The new public sphere, global civil society, communication Networks and Global Governance, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Sage Publications,

Cedran-Infantes, P & Blom, A 2007, ‘Colombia: assisting talented students from low-income families attend tertiary education’,  en breve bulletin, World Bank, January 2007, <;.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) 2012, ‘Country comparison: net migration rate’, The World Factbook, <;.

Cervini, E 2009, ‘Australian universities: safe but not very good’, The Age, 25 October 2009, <–safe-but-not-very-good-20091024-he1g.html&gt;.

Chayefsky, P 1976, Network: film script, <;.

Chen & Hwa Ang, 2011, The Internet police in China, in online society in China: creating, celebrating, and instrumentalising the online carnival, Taylor & Francis, Hoboken.

Child Soldier Global Report 2008, <;.

City of Port Phillip, 2007, City of Port Phillip Housing Strategy, <;

CODHES, 2011, Boletín de la Consultoría para los Derechos Humanos y el Desplazamiento Número 79, <;.

Cole, J 2010, ‘Iran’s green movement: one year later’, CBS News, <;.

Colombia Solidarity Campaign, 2003, Editorial: Uribe opts for war and invites intervention, <;.

Cortes, C 2010, ‘Crónica del ‘falso positivo’ de Facebook en nueve episodios’, La Silla Vacia, 5 April 2010, <;.

Cristancho, F 2009, Memorias de Risa y tragedia, <;.

Crovitz, G 2011, Egypt’s revolution by social media, <;.

Dali, S 1942, The secret life of Salvador Dali, Haakon M. Chevalier (tr.), Dover, New York, 1993.

DANE, 2009, Encuesta de consumo cultural,

DANE, 2010, Censo general 2005: perfil Pamlona: norte de Santander, <;.

De Quincey, T 1845, Suspira de profundis, in confessions of an English opium eater, Penguin, London, 2003.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia, 2010, China: country brief, <;.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia, 2012a, Colombia: country brief, <;.

Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Australia, 2012b, India: country brief, <;.

Downes, L 2011, ‘The revolt against Congress’s new Internet piracy proposals’, Forbes Magazine, 28 Nov 2011, <;.

Echeverry, JC, Navas, J, Navas, V & Gomez, MP 2009, Oil in Colombia: History, Regulation and Macroeconomic Impact, SSRN Working Paper Series (Oct 2009)

Eco, U 2004, On beauty, translated by Alastair McEwen, Secker & Warburg, London.

Eco, U 2007, On ugliness, translated by Alastair McEwen, Rizzoli, New York.

Eisenstein, S 1925, The Battleship Potemkin, feature film

El Especatdor 2010, Censura en la red? 24 May 2010, <;.

El Espectador 2011, A salir del clóset psicoactivo, 7 October 2011, <;.

El Malpensante 2010, ‘Foristas, anónimos, furiosos, quiénes son?’ El Malpensante, <;.

El Pequeño Tirano 2012, <;.

El Tarro, 2008, About El Tarro, <;.

Entre Libros y Lectores 2012, <;.

Falk, K 2008, The unknown Hieronymus Bosch, North Atlantic Books.

Faraone, C 2010, ‘Is genius immortal?’ The Boston Phoenix, 3 May, <;.

Forbes, 2012, ‘Luis Carlos Sarmiento’, The World’s Billionaires, <;.

Friedman, TL 2012, ‘Come the revolution’, The New York Times, 15 May 2012, <;.

Galeano, E 1971, Open veins of Latin America: five centuries of the pillage of a continent, Serpent’s Tail, London, 2009.

Galeano, E 1978, ‘In Defence of the Word’, <;.

Garcia Marquez, G 1990, The general in his labyrinth, translated by Edith Grossman, Vintage, New York.

Garcia Marquez, G 1969, One hunderd years of solitude, Penguin, London, 1998.

Gardeazabal, G 1971, Condores no Entierran Todos los Días, Panamericana Editorial, Bogotá, Colombia, 1998.

Garzon, J 1997, ‘Jaime Garzón Conferencia en Cali’, online video in The Outsider’s Guide to Melbourne, <;.

Garzon, J 2008, ‘Godofredo Cinico Caspa (Jaime Garzon) hablando de Uribe’, The Outsider’s Guide to Melbourne, <;.

Gibson, W 1977, Bruegel, Oxford University Press,

Gladwell, M 2010, Small change: why the revolution will not be tweeted, The New Yorker Magazine, 4 October 2010, <;.

Grant, W 2010, ‘How Simon Bolivar’s legacy reverberates in Venezuela’, BBC News, 18 April 2010, <;.

Greenaway, P 2008, Rembrandt’s J’Acuse, documentary film.

Grossman, L 1995, The electronic republic: reshaping democracy in the electronic age, Viking,

Grossman, L 2011, ‘2045: The Year Man Becomes Immortal’, Time Magazine, 21 February 2011, <,9171,2048299,00.html&gt;.

Gutierrez, E  2011, ‘La Tentación de lo desmovilizados’, El Espectador, 14 October 2011, <;.

Habermas, J 1989, The structural transfomation of the public sphere: an inquiry into a category of bourgeois society, Polity Press, UK.

Heim, M 1999, The cyberspace dialectic, in the digital dialectic : new essays in new media, Peter Lunenfeld (ed.), The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Heim, M 2000, Virtual realism, Oxford University Press,

Herold, DK and Marolt, P 2011, Online society in China: creating, celebrating, and instrumentalising the online carnival,: Taylor & Francis, Hoboken NJ.

Herold, DK 2011, ‘Noise, spectacle, politics: carnival in Chinese cyberspace’, Online Society in China: creating, celebrating and instrumentalising the online carnival, Routledge, New York.

Hill, K 2011, ‘Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg: “We’ve made a bunch of mistakes,”’ Forbes Magazine, 29 Nov 2011, <;.

Hirst, M 2011, News 2.0: Can journalism survive the Internet?, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, NSW.

Hitchens, C 2007, ‘Why Orwell still matters?’, The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell, Cambridge University Press,

Hughes, R 2003a, Goya, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Hughes, R 2003b, Vision’s of Space: Albert Speer, documentary film.

Human Rights Watch, 2012, World Report Colombia,  <;.

Huxley, A 1932, Brave new world, Harper Collins, London, 1994.

Huxley, A 1959, Brave new world revisited, Chatto & Windus, London, 1974.

ICFES, 2010, ‘Colombia en PISA 2009: sintesis de resultados’, <;

IDEA, 2012a, Voter turnout data for United States, <;.

IDEA, 2012b, Voter turnout data for Colombia, <;.

Innis, H 1950, Empire and Communications, Dundurn Press, Toronto, c2007.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), 2011, Colombia: Current IDP Figure, <>.

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), 2011a, Internal displacemebt in the Americas, <$file/global-overview-americas-2011.pdf&gt;.

INVIAS, 2012, Entidades de Control, <;.

Isaza, JF, and Campos, D 2007, Algunas consideraciones cuantitativas sobre la evolución reciente del conflicto en Colombia, <;.

Jameson, F 1991, ‘Postmodernism or, the cultural logic of late Capitalism’,, <;.

Jimenez, C 2011, ‘Profesor renuncia a su cátedra porque sus alumnos no escriben bien’, El Tiempo, 8 December 2011, <;.

Kaku, M 2007, ‘Are you ready to play god?’, New Scientist, vol. 196, no. 2628 (Nov 3-Nov 9, 2007), p. 58-59.

Kapuscinki, R 1983, The Emperor: downfall of an autocrat, translated from the Polish by William R. Brand & Katarzyna Mroczkowska-Brand, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, San Diego.

Kapuscinski, R 2001, The shadow of the sun: my African life, translated by Klara Glowczewska, Allen Lane, London.

Kapuscinski, R 2007, Travels with Herodotus, translated by Klara Glowczewska, Vintage,

Kapuscinski, R 2009, The other, translated by Antonia Lloyd-Jones, Verso, London.

Kaufmann, W, 1954, The Portable Nietzsche, New York, Viking Press.

Krotoski, A 2010, The virtual revolution, The Open University, Milton Keynes.

Kurzweil, R 2005, The singularity is near, Viking, New York.

La Silla Vacia, 2012, <>.

Leiva, J 2010, International creative partnerships for cultural education and promotion: the case between Australia and Colombia, <;.

Lessig, L 1999, Code and other laws of cyberspace, Basic Books, New York.

Lessig, L 2001, The future of ideas : the fate of the commons in a connected world, Random House, New York.

Li, H 2011, ‘Parody and resistance on the Chinese Internet’, Online Society in China: creating, celebrating and instrumentalising the online carnival, Routledge, New York.

Lima, M 2012, The power of networks, online video, in RSA animate, <;.

London, J 1908, The Iron Heel, Penguin, New York, 2006.

Lopez, C 2009, Reflexiones sobre un escándalo, <;

Lunenfeld, P (ed.)1999, The digital dialectic: new essays in new media, The Mit Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Luther, M 1517, The 95 Theses, <;.

Maben, A 2003, Hieronymus Bosch: the delights of hell, video-documentary.

MANE, 2011, Declaración política, Mesa Amplia Nacional Estudiantil, Bogotá, 12 de noviembre de 2011, <;.

Manovich, L 2008, Software takes command, <>

Marolt, P 2011, ‘Grassroots agency in a civil sphere? Rethinking Internet control in China, Online Society in China: creating, celebrating and instrumentalising the online carnival, Routledge, New York.

Mayfield, R 2004, Social network dynamics and participatory politics, in extreme democracy, <>.

McLuhan, M 1962, The Guttenberg galaxy: the making of typographic man, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

McLuhan, M 1964, Understanding media: the extensions of man, McGraw-Hill, New York.

Mechoulan, D 2011, ‘Forced disappearances in Colombia’, Council of Hemispheric Affaris (COHA), <;.

Mi Amigo Internacional, 2012, peopleartpeople, <;.

Ministry of Education of Colombia, 2005, Hábitos de lectura, asistencia a bibliotecas y  consumo de libros en Colombia, <;.

Ministry of Technology Information and Communications of Colombia, 2011, Boletín Trimestral de las TIC. Cifras Segundo Trimestre de 2011, <;.

Ministry or Education of Colombia, 2009, Perfil de infraestructura en tecnologia departamento de Norte de Santander, <;.

Morozov, , 2011, The Internet in society: empowering or censoring citizens?, online video, RSA Animate: <;.

Moxley, K 1994, ‘Hieronymus Bosch and the “World Upside Down”,  Visual culture: images and interpretation, Norman Bryson and Michael Ann Holly (eds.)

Mozilla, 2011, Mozilla fights for the Internet’s future, <;.

Muller, JE 1974, Bosch, Bourne End, Bucks.

NDTV, 2011, Hillary Clinton defends internet freedom, <;.

Noches de Media, 2012, Último EGM: el Tiempo sigue liderando y los populares se consolidan, <;.

Nora, P 1989, ‘Le Lieux the Memoire (Between History and Memory)’, Representations, no. 26, Special Issue: Memory and Counter Memory, pp. 7-24.

OECD, 2010, PISA 2009 Results, <,3746,en_32252351_32235731_46567613_1_1_1_1,00.html&gt;.

OECD, 2012,,2987,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM/IOM), 2008, Migración Internacional de colombianos, <;.

Orozco, 2010, ‘Cierre de la revista ‘Cambio’, golpe al periodismo de denuncia’, El Especador, 6 February 2010, <;.

Orwell, G 1933, Down and out in London and Paris, <;.

Orwell, G 1935, ‘Review of the novel today by Philip Henderson’,  The collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 1, 1920-1940, An age like this, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1937, The road to Wigan Pier, Secker& Warburg, London, 1959.

Orwell, G 1940, Charles Dickens, <;.

Orwell, G 1941, The frontiers of art and propaganda, <;.

Orwell, G 1941, The prophecies of Fascism,

Orwell, G 1941, Wells, Hitler and the world state, <;.

Orwell, G 1942, ‘War-time diary’, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 2, 1940-1943, My Country Right or Left, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1944, ‘As I please’ column, 21 April 1944, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 3, 1943-1946, As I Please, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1944, ‘As I please’ column of 4 February 1944, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol 3, 1943-1946, As I Please, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1944, ‘Benefit of clergy: some notes on Salvador Dali’, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 3, 1943-1946, As I Please, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1945, ‘You and the atom bomb’, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 4, 1945-1950, In Front of your Nose, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

Orwell, G 1946, ‘Review of we’ by E.I. Zamyatin, <;.

Orwell, G 1946, ‘Why I write’, the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 1, 1920-1940, An Age Like This, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968

Orwell, G 1948, ‘Review of the soul of man under Socialism by Oscar Wilde’,  the collected essays, journalism and letters, vol. 4, 1920-1940, An Age Like This, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

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Orwell, G 1968, The collected essays, journalism and letters, vols. 1 to 4, 1920- 1950, In Front of your Nose, Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus (eds.), Secker & Warburg, London, 1968.

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Padgett, 2010, ‘Why Venezuela’s Chávez dug up Bolívar’s bones’, Time Magazine, 17 July 2010, <,8599,2004526,00.html&gt;.

Paine, T 1776, Common sense, in common sense, Penguin, New York, 2005.

Paredes, C 2008, ‘Las 26 reformas de la constitución’, Semana Magazine, 8 July 2008, <;.

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Pinker, S 2011, The better angels of our nature: why violence has declined, Viking, New York.

Porterfield, T 2011, The efflorescence of caricature, 1759-1838, Ashgate, Farnham; Burlington, VT.

Posada-Carbo, E 1998, ‘Fiction as history: The bananeras and Gabrial Garcia Marquez’s ne Hundred Years of Solitude’, Journal of Latin American Studies, vol. 30 (May 1998), pp. 395-414.

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Postman, N 2000a, Building a bridge to the 18th Century: how the past can improve our future, Vintage Books, New York, 2000.

Postman, N 2000b, Technology is no substitute for human values, online video, <;.

Postman, N 2000c, The Humanism of Media Ecology, (conference proceedings from Fordham University, New York, June 16-17, 2000), <;.

Prensky, M 2001, Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants, in On the Horizon, MCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, (October 2001).

Rao, L 2009, ‘The API’s plan to save newspapers: let’s put Humpty Dumpty back together again, Tech Crunch, 3 June 2009, <;.

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Rivera, M 2008, ‘About us’, The Outsider’s Guide to Melbourne, <;.

Rivera, M 2010, ‘Jaime Garzón’s Colombia: a nation through the art of a prophetic humorist’, The Outsider’s Guide to Melbourne, <;.

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Robinson, K 2010, ‘Changing education paradigms’, online video, RSA Animate, <;.

Robinson, K 2011, ‘Educating the heart and mind’, online video, Dalai Lama Centre website, <;.

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Sanchez, Y 2012, ‘Generacion Y’, online blog, <;.

Semana Magazine, 2009a, El ‘terrorista’ de internet?, 5 December 2009, <;.

Semana Magazine, 2009b, La política colombiana tiene una silla en Internet, <;.

Semana Magazine, 2011, ‘Reto Monumental’, 22 October 2011, <;.

Shirky, C 2011, ‘The political power of social media, in foreign affairs, January/February 2011, pp. 28-41

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Strömberg, F 2010, Comic art propaganda, Lewes, East Sussex.

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The Guardian, 2010, ‘Colombian agreement over US military bases ‘unconstitutional’, 18 August 2010, <;.

Tillis, A 2001, ‘Chango el Gran Putas: A postmodern historiographic metafictional text’, Afro-Hispanic Review, vol. 20, no. 1 (Spring 2001), pp. 96-103.

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Tittler, J 2002, ‘Catching the spirit: Chango, el Gran Putas (in English translation), Afro-Hispanic Review, vol. 21, no. 1/2 (Spring 2002), pp. 107-112.

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Van Sant, G 2003, Elephant, feature film.

Verdad Abierta, 2010, Estadísticas sobre Reinserción en Colombia, <;.

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Verdad Abierta, 2012b, Estadísticas desmobilizaciones, < >.

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Wells, HG 1944, ’42 to ’44: A contemporary memoir upon human behaviour during the crisis of the world revolution, Secker & Warburg, London.

Wells, HG  Experiment in autobiography: discoveries and conclusions of a very ordinary brain (since 1866), Gollancz, London.

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Zamyatin, E 1924, We, EP Dutton, New York.

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Zimbardo, P 2010, ‘The secret powers of time’, online video, in RSA Animate, <;.